Omitted variable bias occurs when a regression model leaves out relevant independent variables, which are known as confounding variables. This condition forces the model to attribute the effects of omitted variables to variables that are in the model, which biases the coefficient estimates. [Read more…] about Confounding Variables Can Bias Your Results
Here’s some shocking information for you—sample statistics are always wrong! When you use samples to estimate the properties of populations, you never obtain the correct values exactly. Don’t worry. I’ll help you navigate this issue using a simple statistical tool! [Read more…] about Sample Statistics Are Always Wrong (to Some Extent)!
Inferential statistics lets you draw conclusions about populations by using small samples. Consequently, inferential statistics provide enormous benefits because typically you can’t measure an entire population.
However, to gain these benefits, you must understand the relationship between populations, subpopulations, population parameters, samples, and sample statistics.
In this blog post, I discuss these concepts, and how to obtain representative samples using random sampling.
Hypothesis tests use sample data to make inferences about the properties of a population. You gain tremendous benefits by working with random samples because it is usually impossible to measure the entire population.
However, there are tradeoffs when you use samples. The samples we use are typically a miniscule percentage of the entire population. Consequently, they occasionally misrepresent the population severely enough to cause hypothesis tests to make errors.
In this blog post, you will learn about the two types of errors in hypothesis testing, their causes, and how to manage them. [Read more…] about Types of Errors in Hypothesis Testing
You’ve just performed a hypothesis test and your results are statistically significant. Hurray! These results are important, right? Not so fast. Statistical significance does not necessarily mean that the results are practically significant in a real-world sense of importance.
In this blog post, I’ll talk about the differences between practical significance and statistical significance, and how to determine if your results are meaningful in the real world.
[Read more…] about Practical vs. Statistical Significance